Carpinus caroliniana (American Hornbeam)
Hornbeam is a small understory tree that typically grows within the range of 25-40 feet tall. Very similar to American Beech in leaf form and bark appearance. However, Hornbeam is a more slender tree that resides underneath the tree canopy in the forest. Relatively slow grower but is very graceful in form and habit while developing very strong wood.
Leaves are red, orange, or yellow in the fall- a very nice addition to a native landscape or woodland. In the winter, the graceful structure and smooth bark are exceptional.
Fairly easy to transplant, Hornbeam will tolerate both shade and sun. Has a tendency to become more dense when planted in the sun. Moist and well-drained soil. Although a few insects and disease attack occasionally, Hornbeam is known for its resistance to pests and problems.